Botswana Institute for Clinical Laboratory Professionals

Advancing Professional Integrity through Practice, Education and Research

MLS Training


Public and Parastatal Teaching Institutions

Botswana Health Professions Council - recognized qualifications in medical laboratory technology within the country are offered at the University of Botswana (UB) and the Institute of Health Sciences (IHS).

The University of Botswana (UB) Programs

UB offers a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Sciences (BSc MLS) program, a Bachelor of Science in Cytotechnology & Histotechnology Sciences (BSc CHS) program, and two post graduate studies: a Master of Philosophy in Medical Laboratory Science (MPhil) and Doctor of Philosophy in Medical Laboratory Science (PhD).
Entry Requirements for BSc MLS and BSc CHS

Admission Level



  • Minimum BGCSE Grade B in mathematics, chemistry, and biology or physics
  • Advanced level pass in mathematics


  • Minimum BGCSE Grade C in chemistry and biology or physics
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology from the Institute of Health Sciences or its equivalent plus two years relevant experience
  • BSc Biological Science/Biochemistry or equivalent

 * Applicants who hold a Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology obtained from the Institute of Health Sciences or its equivalent plus two years relevant experience will be exempted from Level 100 and Level 300

* Applicants who hold a BSc degree in biological science/biochemistry or equivalent may be exempted from equivalent courses prescribed in the degree program


What do Medical Laboratory Scientists Do?

Medical laboratory scientists are trained to perform laboratory investigations to provide scientific evidence of diseases. They measure chemicals in the body such as blood glucose, heart and liver enzymes, and examine blood, other body fluids and tissues for diseases such as anemia and cancer. They are trained to operate and troubleshoot high-tech diagnostic equipment. Furthermore, Laboratory scientists are trained to isolate pathogenic microorganisms from human specimens and test drugs against them so as to find the right drugs to treat the infection. They are involved in disease surveillance and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, provision of safe blood, and they play an integral role in safe motherhood programs through screening for infectious diseases and anemia. Laboratory scientists are part of public health teams and are involved in case identification and investigation of disease outbreaks.

Career Options in Medical Laboratory

It is not common to find an unemployed qualified medical laboratory scientist in Botswana. The majority are employed in the government hospital laboratories, while some are employed in private hospital laboratories. It is also possible to set up an independent private practice laboratory business. Medical laboratory scientists form a crucial part of medical research teams in academic and research institutions such as the University and research centres. Other career paths are in sales and marketing of medical and laboratory supplies, and in the biomedical industry. Employment opportunities also exist in the region and abroad.



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